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This book contains collection of 14 best titles of Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
1: The Brothers Karamazov
3: Crime and Punishment
4: The Crocodile
5: The Double
6: The Dream of a Ridiculous Man
7: The Gambler
8: Gentle Spirit
9: The Idiot
10: The Insulted and the Injured
11: Notes from Underground
12: The Possessed
13: Poor Folk
14: A Raw Youth
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky was a Russian writer of novels, short stories and essays. Dostoyevsky's literary works explore human psychology in the troubled political, social and spiritual context of 19th-century Russia. Although Dostoyevsky began writing books in the mid-1840s, his most remembered are from his last years, including Crime and Punishment, The Idiot and The Brothers Karamazov. He wrote eleven novels, three novellas, seventeen short novels and three essays, and has been acknowledged by many literary critics as one of the greatest and most prominent psychologists in universal literature.
Dostoyevsky was born in the Mariinsky hospital in Moscow, Russia. He was introduced to literature at an early age – fairy tales and legends, but also books by English, French, German and Russian authors. His mother's sudden death in 1837 devastated him. At around the same time, he left school to enter the Nikolayev Military Engineering Institute. Once he graduated, he worked as an engineer and briefly enjoyed a liberal lifestyle. He soon began to translate books to earn extra money. Around the mid-1840s he wrote his first novel, Poor Folk, allowing him to join St Petersburg's literary circles.
In 1849 he was arrested for his involvement with the Petrashevsky Circle, a secret society of liberal utopians as well as a literary discussion group. He and other members were condemned to death, but the penalty proved to be a mock execution and the sentence was commuted to four years' hard labour in Siberia. After his release, Dostoyevsky was forced to serve as a soldier, but was discharged from the military due to his ill health. Dostoyevsky's work has not always met positive receptions. Several critics, such as Dobrolyubov, Bunin and Nabokov, found that even if his writing successfully explored psychological and philosophical themes, its artistic quality was "below criticism". Others found fault in chaotic and disorganised plots, whereas others, like Turgenev, in "excessive psychologising" or in an overdetailed naturalism. His characters were called "unrealistic, schematic and contrived".
His style was deemed "prolix, repetitious and lacking in polish, balance, restraint and good taste". The Idiot, The Possessed and The Brothers Karamazov were criticised for including unrealistic characters by critics such as Saltykov-Shchedrin, Tolstoy and Mikhailovsky. Its characters were described as "puppets" and "pale, pretentious and artificial", which is not what should be found in realism literature. The puppet-like feature was compared with that of Hoffmann's characters, an author Dostoyevsky admired.